Comparative Assessment of Childhood Overweight and Obesity among Public and Private Schools Pupils in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

https://www.doi.org/10.60787/tnhj-758

Authors

  • Johnson NM UNIPORT
  • Bliss MM School of Graduate Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • Siminialayi IM School of Graduate Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Keywords:

Comparative, childhood, overweight, obesity, pupils, Obio/Akpor.

Abstract

Background: Childhood overweight and obesity is a risk factor for the onset of chronic non-communicable diseases like type II diabetes and hypertension. Between May and August 2019, researchers conducted this study in Obio/Akpor to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity among pupils attending public and private elementary schools.

Method: The research was a comparative descriptive study. In Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 1040 pupils aged 6-12 years from public and private elementary schools were assessed. The pupils' height and weight were measured in order to determine their body mass index. Chi-square test was used for test statistics. To gather pertinent information, a semi-structured questionnaire was utilized. The significance criterion for each statistical test was set at P 0.05.

Result: A total of 205 (19%) pupils in public and private schools out of the 1035 pupils who later completed study were found to be overweight or obese. Pupils in private schools made up the majority of cases, with 82 (15.9%) and 49 (9.5%) of them being overweight and obese, respectively, as opposed to 41 (7.9%) and 33 (6.4%) of pupils in public schools. The difference in overweight and obesity among the private and public school was statistically significant (, P=0.001). Higher socioeconomic class was significantly associated with the higher prevalence (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity was high in both study populations, while it was significantly higher among students enrolled in private primary schools.

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Published

2024-01-15

How to Cite

JOHNSON, N. M., Bliss, M. M., & Siminialayi, I. M. (2024). Comparative Assessment of Childhood Overweight and Obesity among Public and Private Schools Pupils in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria : https://www.doi.org/10.60787/tnhj-758. The Nigerian Health Journal, 23(4), 977–983. Retrieved from https://tnhjph.com/index.php/tnhj/article/view/758

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