Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Renal Impairment among Young Adults in a Tertiary Institution in Southwest Nigeria

Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Renal Impairment among Young Adults

Authors

  • Akinwumi Ayodeji Akinbodewa University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo State
  • Oluseyi Ademola Adejumo University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo State
  • Oluwakemi Abiola Lamidi University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo State
  • Ogunleye Adeyemi University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo State
  • Kehinde Margareth Babatunde Hospitals Management Board, Ondo State

Keywords:

Prevalence, renal dysfunction, cardiovascular risk factors, young adults, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: Specific research is sparse on renal dysfunction among homogenous group of young adults. This study estimated the prevalence of renal dysfunction among apparently healthy young adults and determine association (if any) between renal dysfunction and some cardiovascular risk factors. 

Methodology: Undergraduates (18-37 years) of a tertiary institution were studied on 2017 World Kidney Day. Their biodata, blood pressure, anthropometry, total cholesterol and estimated glomerular filtration rate were determined. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0.

Results: A total of 640 students were studied (M:F=1:3.8). Their mean age was 23.1±2.8 years. Thirty-three (5.2%) participants had renal dysfunction (eGFR < 60ml/min/1.73m2). The mean age of subjects with renal dysfunction (eGFR < 60ml/min/1.73m2) was significantly higher with an inverse association to renal function (p = 0.005). 

Two hundred and fifty-seven (40.2%) and 58 (9.1%) participants were pre-hypertensive and hypertensive respectively; overweight, abdominal obesity and hypercholesterolaemia were found among 12.2%, 14.2% and 8.1% of subjects respectively. The mean body mass index (p = 0.009) and serum total cholesterol (p = 0.003) were significantly higher among females. There was a higher prevalence of renal dysfunction among females even though this was not to the significant level (5.9 v 2.2%, p = 0.12).

Conclusions: The prevalence of renal dysfunction among young adults is lower than current global estimates. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors for CKD were lower than that of older adults with no significant association to renal dysfunction. Increasing age was found to be significantly associated with reduced renal function.  

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Published

2023-01-07

How to Cite

Akinbodewa, A. A., Adejumo, O. A., Lamidi, O. A., Adeyemi, O., & Babatunde, K. M. (2023). Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Renal Impairment among Young Adults in a Tertiary Institution in Southwest Nigeria : Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Renal Impairment among Young Adults. The Nigerian Health Journal, 22(4), 348–356. Retrieved from https://tnhjph.com/index.php/tnhj/article/view/589