Knowledge and Awareness of Tuberculosis in Urban Slums, Lagos, Nigeria


  • Abiola Victor Adepoju Jhpiego (an affiliate of John Hopkins University
  • Victoria Etuk Data Analyst, Institute of Human Virology of Nigeria
  • Oluwatoyin Elizabeth Adepoju Adolescent Friendly Research and Care (ADOLFRIC), Nigeria
  • Chidubem Ogbudebe KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Marius Olusola Adeniyi Ondo State Primary Healthcare Development Agency
  • Busayo Kolade Akerele University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria
  • Olusola Adedeji Adejumo Lagos State Ministry of Health


Tuberculosis, Awareness, Knowledge, Slums



Understanding knowledge and awareness of TB will help in public health control programs in slums. The study aimed to determine awareness and knowledge of tuberculosis among urban slum dwellers, Lagos, Nigeria.


A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted across six urban slums in Nigeria .A structured, pretested questionnaire was used to capture relevant information among adult participants seeking TB and other services. Domains identified were knowledge about TB symptoms, prevention, spread, Directly Observed Therapy Short course (DOTS) treatment.


Majority were 25-34 years (24.7%), males (65.8%), Christians (55.7%), married (73.7%), attained secondary education (37.8%), with 3-4 persons per household (41%) and 1-2 persons per room (44.5%).Two-third(59.7%) of the respondents have heard of TB, 41% have heard about DOTS. Only 27.2% were aware of a TB treatment facility; 41.6% knew that TB is free; 48.4% knew that TB is curable and only 31.5% knew who a presumptive TB patient is. The major source of information about TB treatment facility was from a Health care worker (48.9%) followed by Radio (20.4%).The predictors of good knowledge of  symptoms of TB were male sex, older age >45years and having some education while the predictors of correct knowledge of how TB is spread were smokers, high income and older age >45years.


Knowledge of TB free treatment, curability and symptoms of TB and awareness of TB treatment facilities was poor and need to be emphasized during community education programs in slums. Policymakers need to prioritize social determinants of TB knowledge and services in slums.

Author Biographies

Abiola Victor Adepoju, Jhpiego (an affiliate of John Hopkins University

Dr Victor is a medical doctor, project manager and public health researcher. he has led several donor funded projects on infectious diseases like TB, HIV, hepatitis over the last 10 years. he is currently the project director of the HIV and infectious disease self testing in Africa project funded by Unitaid and implemented by Jhpiego (an affiliate of John Hopkins University) in Nigeria.

Victoria Etuk, Data Analyst, Institute of Human Virology of Nigeria

Victoria Etuk is the Data Analyst at the International Research Center of Excellence (IRCE)

Oluwatoyin Elizabeth Adepoju, Adolescent Friendly Research and Care (ADOLFRIC), Nigeria

Oluwatoyin is a research assistant at the Adolescent Friendly Research and Care in Nigeria

Chidubem Ogbudebe, KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria

Chidubem is the Director Strategic Information at KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria

Marius Olusola Adeniyi, Ondo State Primary Healthcare Development Agency

Dr Marius is the PHC Coordinator at Ondo State Primary Healthcare Development Agency

Busayo Kolade Akerele, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria

Dr Akerele is a resident doctor (Registrar) at the Depertment of Community Health, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers, Nigeria

Olusola Adedeji Adejumo, Lagos State Ministry of Health

Dr Adejumo is a consultant Community Medicine at the Lagos State Ministry of Health, Lagos, Nigeria


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How to Cite

Adepoju, A. V., Etuk, V., Adepoju, O. E., Ogbudebe, C., Adeniyi, M. O., Akerele, B. K., & Adejumo, O. A. (2022). Knowledge and Awareness of Tuberculosis in Urban Slums, Lagos, Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 22(1), 12–27. Retrieved from

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