Factors in Tuberculosis Prevention Among Students of Benue State University Makurdi, North Central Nigeria


  • Gabriel Ofikwu Ogbeyi Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University Makurdi. Benue State Nigeria
  • Ogbonna Chikaike College of Medicine, University of Jos
  • Idris Saliu Centre for Clinical Care and Research in Nigeria, Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria.
  • Alfred Ifedigbo Centre for Clinical Care and Research in Nigeria, Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria.


Knowledge, Nigeria, Tuberculosis, Practice, Students.


Background: Tuberculosis is endemic in our various communities in Nigeria; and constitutes a major health emergency globally. Nigeria is the 7th high burden Tuberculosis country in the world. A high level of community awareness and positive perception towards tuberculosis and its management is important for any effective control strategy.

Method: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey, of Benue State University students, Makurdi during the month of January 2020. The sample size was 427 and all were over 15 years of age. All the survey items were extracted from WHO Guideline. It was adjusted, tested and validated.

Results: The mean age of the respondents was 23 years, and over 54% were between the ages of 21-25 years.  The level of tuberculosis knowledge showed that 93.8% were aware of tuberculosis disease, 48.5% implicated bacteria as the cause and 60.3% said the main sources of infection were coughing, sneezing and talking. Ninety seven percent said tuberculosis was preventable and 38.5% implicated BCG as an agent for preventing tuberculosis. In terms of practice, over 54% used hands to cover their mouth while sneezing, 59.3% used handkerchief and 67.4% took drugs prescribed by doctors. There were significant associations between knowledge and practice in most areas in this study. 

Conclusion: Our study revealed that there was no significant association between knowledge and practice in terms of taken all drugs prescribed by doctors for the prevention of tuberculosis. A health education strategy with raising of awareness and social mobilization actions should be planned and implemented.

Author Biography

Gabriel Ofikwu Ogbeyi, Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University Makurdi. Benue State Nigeria

Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine


WHO tuberculosis: Fact sheet No. 104 Reviewed. WHO; Feb.2013. Available from www.who.int/tb/publication/factsheet/en/. Last assessed 10 /2/2019.

Fed. Min. of Health. National tuberculosis and Leprosy control programme; Worker’s Manuel. 2016; 5: 10-21.


Emedicine Health Experts for Everyday Emergencies: WebMD Network; Jan. 2018. Available from http://www.emedicinehealth.com. Last assessed Feb. 2019.

World Health Organization: Tuberculosis. Fact sheet number 104 Revised. WHO; April 2000. Available from www who.int/tb/publication. Last assessed 3/6/2019.

World Health Organization: Global Tuberculosis Report. WHO; April 2018. Available fromwww.who.int/tb/publication/factsheet/en. Last assessed 6/3/2020.

Fed. Min. of Health: Nigeria Tuberculosis factsheet. FMOH; March 2017. Available from http//Nigeria.usembassy.gov. Last assessed 2/1/2020

FMOH: Nigeria Stop TB Partnership Strategic Plan. FMOH; 2013-2015. Available from www.stoptb.org/partners/partnersprofile2asp?PID69266. www.who.int>tb>post2015. Last assessed 2/3/2020.

WHO: Annex 2-country profiles of Global Tuberculosis Report. WHO; 2018. Available from www.who.int/tb/publication/factsheet. Last assessed 17/3/2020.

FMOH: World TB Day. FMOH; 2018. Available from https://arfh-ng.org/world-tuberculosis-day-2018-on-thesearch-for-tb-leaders-in-nigeria. Last assessed 10/10/2019.

Kush, MU, Shahid U, Abdullah HM, Saeed A, Omarf, M. Urban, rural irregularities regarding TB. Int. J. Equity Health. 2011; 10(8): 30-41. FMOH- Nigeria.

The National Strategic Plan for TB Control.- Towards Universial Access to Prevention, Diagnosisand Treatment. FMOH; 2015-2020.

Lawn SD, Affl B, Adieampory, Js. Pulmonary TB diagnostic delay. Int. J. Tubere Lung Dis. 1998; 2(6): 35-45.

Premium Times Newspaper. World TB day. Premium Times Newspaper; 7/12/2019. Available from http//premiumtimes.ng.com. Last assessed 7/12/2019.

FMOH: Infection Control Seminar: FMOH; 2019. Available from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc475542. Last assessed 27/4/2019.

Benue State Gov (BNSG): Tuberculosis Control Pilot –Policy brief. BNSG; 2017. Available from http://www.google.com. Last assessed 10/11//2019.

World Health Organization: Global Tuberculosis report on country profile. WHO; 2013. from www.who.int/tb/data. Last assessed 15/11/2019

WHO: HIV –Associated TB facts. WHO; 2019. Available from http://www.who.int/tb/challenges/hiv/, www.unaids.org/en/media/unaids. Last assessed 17/8/2019.

Mukhtar A. Solliman, Mohammed A, Mahmoud A, Mukhtar M. Hadida, Fahad S. Muhammad A, Hisham A. Assessment of Knowledge towards Tuberculosis among general population in North East Libya. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2012; 10(2): 24-30.

Ahmed M, Tharron T. Assessment of Nursing Students Knowledge about Tuberculosis in University of Mosul. Tikrit Medical Journal. 2012;18(2):358-364.

Khan N. Abid M, Sing V, et al. Assessment of college students’ awareness about Tuberculosis in Moradabad. Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2011; 4 (5):47-50.

Adeyeye O. Kuyinu Y. Goodman O. Odusanya O. Knowledge of tuberculosis and self disclosure amongst patient assessing treatment in an urban Local Government Area Lagos, South West, Nigeria. Journal of community medicine and primary health care. 2016; 28(2): 41-53.

Olaitan O, Williams F. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis co-infection among students of tertiary institutions in Illorin, Nigeria. Publication of Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Illorin. University of Ilorin; 2011. Available from http://www.unilorin.edu.ng. Last assessed 21/2/2019.

FMOH-Nigeria: Tuberculosis Research and treatment. FMOH; 2018. Available from https: arfh-ng org/world TB Day-2018. Last assessed 29/1/2020.

FMOH-Nigeria: TB Research and Treatment. Available from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc. 2017.Last assessed 12/12/2018.




How to Cite

Ogbeyi, G. O., Chikaike, O., Saliu, I., & Ifedigbo, A. (2020). Factors in Tuberculosis Prevention Among Students of Benue State University Makurdi, North Central Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 20(2), 54–64. Retrieved from https://tnhjph.com/index.php/tnhj/article/view/482

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.