Umbilical Cord Cyst: A Case Report

Nelson C Nwankwo, Belema Ayo Manuel, Paulina S Dariah

Abstract


UMBILICAL CORD CYST: A CASE REPORT

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography has become a routine investigation carried out during antenatal period especially due to its non invasive nature. It is used for monitoring fetal viability, gestation and growth as well as detection of foetal  anomalies. Umbilical cord cysts are among the anomalies that can be detected by ultrasound. Chromosomal and structural abnormalities are seen in upto 20% of foetuses with umbilical cysts detected in the second and third trimestester

METHOD: We report the case of umbilical cord cyst detected by ultrasound at 15 weeks gestational age in Mrs A. B. a 34 year old Gravida2 Para 1+0.

RESULTS: The pregnancy resulted in an intrauterine foetal death at 34 weeks gestational age. Post mortem confirmed presence of umbilical cord cyst and multiple foetal congenital anomalies.

CONCLUSION: The association of umbilical cord cysts with foetal anomalies and adverse foetal outcomes should always be kept in mind. The importance of ultrasound in detection and follow up can not be overemphasized.


Keywords


Umbilical cord cyst, Foetal anomalies, Ultrasound

References


Ratan SK, Rattan KN, Kalra R, Maheshwari J, Parihar D, Ratan J. Omphalomesenteric duct cyst as a content of omphalocele. Indian J Pediatr 2007;74(5):500-502.

Skibo LK, Lyons EA, Levi CS. First-trimester umbilical cord cysts. Radiology. 1992;182(3):719-722.

Ross JA, Jurkovic D, Zosmer N, Jauniaux E, Hacket E, Nicolaides KH. Umbilical cord cysts in early pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1997; 89(3): 442–445.

Zangen R, Boldes R, Yaffe H, Schwed P, Weiner Z. Umbilical cord cysts in the second and third trimesters: significance and prenatal approach. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010;36(3):296-301.

Ghezzi F, Raio L, Di Naro E, Franchi M, Cromi A, Dürig P. Single and multiple umbilical cord cysts in early gestation: two different entities. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 21(3):215–219.

Frazier HA, Guerrieri JP, Thomas RL, Christenson PJ. The detection of a patent urachus and allantoic cyst of the umbilical cord on prenatal ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 1992;11 (2) :117-120.

Bunch PT, Kline-Fath BM, Imhoff SC, Calvo-Garcia MA, Crombleholme TM, Donnelly LF. Allantoic cyst: a prenatal clue to patent urachus. Pediatr Radiol 2006;36:1090-1095.

Kilicdag EB, Kilicdag H, Bagis T, Tarim E, Yanik F. Large pseudocyst of the umbilical cord associated with patent urachus. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2004;30:444-7.

Bhavesh DR Preethi T. Umbilical Cyst with Edward Syndrome. Indian J Neonatal Med Res. 2016; 10(4): 2192.

Ruiz CL, Saviron CR, Gamez AF, Martinez-Payo C, Perez PP, Garrido FP, Lerma PD. Prenatal diagnosis of umbilical cord cyst: clinical significance and prognosis.Taiwan J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 56(5):622-627.

Szpejankowski K, Guzik P, Chechlinski P, Jach R, Ostrowski B. Pseudocyst of the umbilical cord-case report. Przegl Lek. 2015;72(7):394-396.

Rempen A. Sonographic first-trimester diagnosis of umbilical cord cyst. J Clin Ultrasound 1989;17:53-55.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292

x
Message