Impact of Health Education Intervention on Dietary Practice among Adolescent Girls in Government Secondary Schools Maiduguri: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial
Keywords:Dietary practice, Health education intervention, Adolescent girls, Cluster randomized control trial, KoBo collect toolbox
Background: Dietary deficiencies among adolescent girls have far-reaching consequences. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of health education intervention on dietary practice among adolescent girls in government secondary schools Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC).
Methods: The study was a cluster randomized control trial among 417 adolescent girls aged 10-19 years old. Data were collected from October 2019 to March 2020 using KoBo collect toolbox. Chi-square and Fisher exact were used to compare baseline differences between intervention and control group, a generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the impact of health education intervention.
Results: There was no significant difference in dietary practice between the intervention and control groups at baseline. There was a statistically significant difference at three and six months post-intervention for dietary practice; p = 0.003 and p = 0.011 between the intervention and control groups. There was a significant interaction at three and six months post-intervention; p = 0.005, and p = 0.025 respectively.
Conclusions: The study's outcome reveals that health education intervention greatly impacted dietary practice among adolescent girls in MMC.
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