Impact of Health Education Intervention on Dietary Practice among Adolescent Girls in Government Secondary Schools Maiduguri: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial

A Cluster Randomised Control Trial on Health Education Intervention on Dietary Practice

Authors

  • Dr Ruth Charles Shapu College of Nursing and Midwifery, Damboa Road, Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600252, Borno State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2194-6052
  • Assoc Prof Suriani Ismail Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Dr Poh Ying Lim Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7765-4630
  • Dr Norliza Ahmad Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6895-014X
  • Dr Hussaini Garba Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Prof Ibrahim Abubakar Njodi Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230, Borno State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Dietary practice, Health education intervention, Adolescent girls, Cluster randomized control trial, KoBo collect toolbox

Abstract

Background: Dietary deficiencies among adolescent girls have far-reaching consequences. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of health education intervention on dietary practice among adolescent girls in government secondary schools Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC).

Methods: The study was a cluster randomized control trial among 417 adolescent girls aged 10-19 years old. Data were collected from October 2019 to March 2020 using KoBo collect toolbox. Chi-square and Fisher exact were used to compare baseline differences between intervention and control group, a generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the impact of health education intervention.

Results: There was no significant difference in dietary practice between the intervention and control groups at baseline. There was a statistically significant difference at three and six months post-intervention for dietary practice; p = 0.003 and p = 0.011 between the intervention and control groups. There was a significant interaction at three and six months post-intervention; p = 0.005, and p = 0.025 respectively. 

Conclusions: The study's outcome reveals that health education intervention greatly impacted dietary practice among adolescent girls in MMC.

Author Biographies

Assoc Prof Suriani Ismail, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Senior Lecturer

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Poh Ying Lim, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Senior lecturer

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Norliza Ahmad, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Senoir lecturer

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Hussaini Garba, Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230, Borno State, Nigeria

Senior lecturer

Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230,

Borno State, Nigeria

Prof Ibrahim Abubakar Njodi, Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230, Borno State, Nigeria

Senior lecturer

Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230,

Borno State, Nigeria

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Published

2023-01-07

How to Cite

Charles Shapu, R., Ismail, S., Poh Ying, L., Ahmad, N., Garba, H., & Abubakar Njodi, I. (2023). Impact of Health Education Intervention on Dietary Practice among Adolescent Girls in Government Secondary Schools Maiduguri: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial on Health Education Intervention on Dietary Practice. The Nigerian Health Journal, 22(4), 417–427. Retrieved from https://tnhjph.com/index.php/tnhj/article/view/627