Effect of Health Education Intervention on Knowledge of Universal Safety Precaution Among Primary Health Care Workers in Rivers State, Nigeria.
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of health education (HE) intervention on knowledge of universal safety precaution (USP) among health care workers (HCW) in primary health care centers (PHCC) in Rivers State, Nigeria.
Materials/method: This was a quasi-experimental study which involves assessment of HCW knowledge of USP. Semi structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from eligible respondents. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 17 statistical software. A descriptive analysis of data collected at baseline and six months thereafter were used to determine the effect of the intervention. A bivariate analysis of outcome variables using chi square test for categorical data and students T test for quantitative data was done. The level of statistical significance was set at p value < 0.05.
Results: A total of three hundred and sixty six health care workers were enlisted for the study with 183 respondents each for study and control groups respectively. There were 52(28.4%) males and 131(71.6%) female in study group with 56(30.6%) males and 127(69.4%) females in control group respectively. For study group, total composite score for good, fair and poor knowledge were 1088(45.7%), 554(23.3%) and 737(31.0%) respectively before intervention, however Post intervention, total composite score for good, fair and poor knowledge of USP were 1850(78.6%), 321(13.6%) and 183(7.8%) respectively (p<0.05). There was no significant change in knowledge in the control group (p=0.98)
Conclusion: Knowledge of USP by HCW in PHCC was poor, intervention by means of HE proved to improve their knowledge.
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