THE EFFECT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON LIPID PARAMETERS

Authors

  • Stella Ngozi Cookey Rivers State University Teaching Hospital/ Rivers State University
  • Victoria Eno Gomba Rivers State University Teaching Hospital/ Rivers State University
  • Ernest O Nwazor Rivers State University Teaching Hospital

Keywords:

Alcohol, Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, Triglycerides, Ethanol

Abstract

Background: Though views of authors vary regarding moderate alcohol consumption, they however agree that excessive alcohol consumption has a deleterious effect on the cardiovascular system. Dyslipidaemia has been implicated as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mild to moderate alcohol consumption is said to be cardioprotective, though still a subject of debate. The study compared cholesterol parameters with daily alcohol consumption in residents of Rumuekini community.

Methods: Forty-one male subjects had their blood samples collected after an overnight fast. Information on their occupation, symptoms and history of alcohol consumption were obtained using a questionnaire. The quantity of alcohol was assessed and the study population was divided into mild, moderate and severe based on amount of daily alcohol consumption.

Results: Forty-one participants completed the study, age ranged from 19 to 91years with mean age of 34.49 ± 17.25yrs, mean systolic blood pressure of 128.10 ± 21.92mmHg,  mean diastolic blood pressure of 77.20 ± 14.87mmHg and mean daily alcohol consumption was  74.24 ± 43.34g/day. The mean total cholesterol was 181.53 ± 41.43mg/dl, mean triglyceride was 139.84± 40.18mg/dl and mean low density lipoprotein was 79.34 ± 26.10 mg/dl while mean high density lipoprotein was 62.75 ± 13.54mg/dl. Excessive alcohol consumption was associated with lower total cholesterol, LDL and TG while moderate alcohol consumption was associated with higher HDL level.

Conclusion: This study noted that alcohol generally reduced total cholesterol in a linear fashion, however this was at a summed effect of reducing LDL, increasing HDL and reducing TG.

Author Biographies

Stella Ngozi Cookey, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital/ Rivers State University

Department of Internal Medicine, Consultant Cardiologist and Lecturer 1

Victoria Eno Gomba, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital/ Rivers State University

Department of Internal Medicine, Consultant Endocrinologist/Lecturer 1

Ernest O Nwazor, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Consultant Neurologist

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2022-06-30

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