Causes of Vitreous Haemorrhage In Port Harcourt; A 3 Year Review
Keywords:Vitreous haemorrhage, Aetiology, Vision loss, Nigeria
Background: Vitreous haemorrhage is one of the causes of visual loss and arises from a number of risk factors. This study aims to expose the causes of vitreous haemorrhage in our environment and evaluate the pattern of visual loss.
Methods: A 3 year retrospective review of medical records of patients presenting in the outpatient clinic of the eye department in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital was carried out between 2007 and 2009.Demographic data and causative factors of vitreous hemorrhage were amongst the information culled from the records and analysed.
Results: Twenty-six patients were seen over the period under review out of which 18 of them were males. The age range was 12-70 years. Trauma accounted for 73.1% of all the causes of vitreous haemorrhage.
Conclusion: Trauma is a significant cause of vitreous haemorrhage in our environment affecting the younger age group. The poor presenting visual acuity reflects the severity of causes of vitreous haemorrhage in our environment. Awareness needs to be increased on the causes and risk factors of vitreous haemorrhage.
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