Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Malaria Vector Control in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria: A Household-based Cross-sectional Survey

Muhammad M. Ibrahim, Musa Ibn Abbas, Askira M. Umoru, Isyaka M. Tom, Adamu Idris, Abubakar Shettima, Deborah Markus

Abstract


Background: Malaria is a tropical disease that is a major public health problem in Nigeria, with an estimated 100 million cases and over 300 thousand deaths per year. Herein, we conducted a cross sectional phenomenological household survey to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of Malaria vector control in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria.

Methods: A close-ended structured questionnaire was administered to participants from June 2019 to September 2019. A total of 90 consented participants (MeanAge±S.D=26.17±16.09; S2=259.14; C/var=61.51%; male:female=1:2), comprising of household heads or their spouses, were sampled at random for this study.

Results: 51.1% (46/90) of the participants had tertiary education, 75.6% (68/90) have a monthly household income of 25 USD or less, 40.0% (36/90) of the households comprise of one shared bedroom while 53.3% (48/90) of the households have a population of 8 or more. 96.7% (87/90) of respondents have heard of malaria, where 68.9% (62/90) learned about it from experience and 15.6% (14/90) from radio programs. Only 17.8% (16/90) of respondents mentioned Plasmodium spp as the etiologic agent of malaria. 93.3% (84/90) of respondents attributed malaria transmission to the bites of mosquitoes. Most respondents (67.8%) mentioned stagnant water bodies as the breeding site for mosquitoes. 66.7% (60/90) of respondents use insecticide treated nets (ITNs) to prevent mosquito bites, 13.3% (12/90) use coil incense while 5.6% (5/90) use indoor residual spray (IRS).

Conclusion: The use of ITNs was observed to be predominant in this study. This choice can largely be attributed to its affordability and long term usage.  


Keywords


Malaria; Awareness; Vector control; Malaria Transmission; ITN; IRS

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