Awareness of HIV/AIDS in Pregnancy Among Female Adolescents in Rivers State Nigeria.


  • Sukarime Friday Eli UPTH
  • Kinikanwo Green UPTH
  • Dennis Allagoa FMC Yenagoa
  • James Omietimi FMC Yenagoa
  • Kenneth Okagua BMSH, Port Harcourt
  • Henry Ugboma UPTH
  • Chris Akani UPTH



HIV/AIDS, Pregnancy, awareness, adolescents


Introduction: Human immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Pregnancy is of Public Health concern globally. HIV/AIDS is the commonest cause of death among adolescents worldwide and also an indirect cause of Maternal Mortality.

Aim: To determine the awareness of HIV/AIDS in pregnancy among Adolescents in Rivers State and recommend strategies in reducing the prevalence in this age group.

Method: The survey was a cross sectional study carried out among adolescents attending an adolescent holiday camp meeting in Rivers State, Nigeria. Two hundred and Twenty questionnaires were distributed. The data were coded and analysed using SPSS version 16.

Results: Two hundred questionnaires were retrieved, 8 were incompletely filled. Thirty(15%) of the subjects were below 13 years, 60(30%) between ages 14 – 16, 110(55%)between ages 17 – 19 years. The awareness level of HIV/AIDS in the study population was 70%.  The information on commonest mode of transmission was through heterosexual means which was 60%, use of unsterilized instruments/transmission of HIV infected blood 20% and the awareness of Mother To Child Transmission(MTCT) of HIV/AIDS contributed to 10% of the respondents.The  awareness of HIV/AIDS in pregnancy were through the ; media 50%, school 40% others 10%.

Conclusion: The study revealed that the level of awareness HIV/AIDS in pregnancy is poor. Adolescents are at risk HIV/AIDS especially when the pregnancy is unwanted. Paucity of information in this part of the world is a major factor. More enlightenment is needed among adolescents.


Bamise OF, Bamise CT, Adedigba. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among secondary school adolescents in Osun State. Nig J Clin Pract 2011; 14: 338- 44.

Olasode OA. Sexual behavior in adolescents and young people attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic, Ile Ife, Nigeria. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2007; 28; 83 – 6.

Hammed M.K, Adedigba M, Ogunbode EO.The role of secondary school teachers in HIV prevention in Nigeria. Vuln Child Youth Stud 2007; 2: 173-9.

Anochie IC., Ikpeme E.E. Prevalence of sexual activity and outcome among female secondary school pupils in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Afri J Rep Health 2001;5:63-7.

Federal ministry of health [Nigeria] National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey, 2007(NARHSPLos) Abuja, Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Health, 2008.

Petifor AE, Rees HV, Stefferson A, Hiongwa Aladikizela L, Mac Phail C, Vermaak K. HIV and sexual behavior among young South Africans. A national survey of 15-24 years olds. Johannesburg Reproductive Research Unit, University of the Witwaterstrand, 2004.

D’Angelo L.J., Samples C, Rogers S, Perraite L., Friedman L. HIV infection and AIDS in adolescents: an update of the position of the society for adolescent medicine. J Adolesc. Health 2006; 38:88-91.

UNAIDS. Force for change. World AIDS campaign with young people. Report prepared by UNAIDS. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS for world AIDS day, 1998. UNAIDS; AIDS epidemic update. Geneva UNAIDS; 2004 Wodi B, HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudesand opinions among adolescents in the Rivers State of Nigeria. IEJHE 2005; 8: 86-94 27/2/2017)

WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS. A guide on indicators for the monitoring and reporting on the Health sector response to HIV/AIDS, Geneva World Health Organization 2011 27/2/2017)

Wilson CM, Wright PF, Safrit JT, Rudy B. Epidermiology of HIV infection and risk in adolescents and youth. J Aquir Immune Defic Syndr 2010. Suppl 1. 55-6.

Porjgochoo T, Noel F, Deschapos MM, Theodore H, Dupont W,Wright PF. Risk factors for HIV infection among Haitian adolescents and young adults seeking counseling and testing in Port-au – Prince. J Acquir ImmuneDefic Syndr 2009; 52:498 – 508.

CDD, “ youth risk behaviour surveillance – United States, 2007” Morbidity and Mortality weekly report 2008;57(4):1-131.




How to Cite

Eli, S. F., Green, K., Allagoa, D., Omietimi, J., Okagua, K., Ugboma, H., & Akani, C. (2018). Awareness of HIV/AIDS in Pregnancy Among Female Adolescents in Rivers State Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 17(4), 159–164.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.