Willingness to work as frontline Health care providers during COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria


  • Olalekan Wasiu ADEBIMPE Department of Community Medicine, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria; University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Demilade Olusola Ibirongbe University of Medical Sciences (UNIMED) Ondo http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8616-4900
  • Aderemi Abdulazeez ABUBAKAR Department of Medical Laboratory Science, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Moyosola Margaret OLADAPO Department of Community Health Nursing, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Sunday OLAREWAJU Community Medicine Department, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Omobola Medinat OSINUBI Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Martina Mojirola FASIKU Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Segun Oluwaseun BOLARINWA Department of Adult Health Nursing, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Abdulfatah IBRAHIM Department of Medical Laboratory Science, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Akintunde Rasaq AKINDELE Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Olumide Michael GBALA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UNIMED Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria; University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Bolarinwa Olubunmi AWE Ekiti State Malaria Program Manager, Ministry of Health, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria




COVID-19, Health care workers, Volunteer, Prevention and control, Willingness to work


Background: Health care workers (HCW) are at the forefront of COVID-19 outbreak responses. As the pressure on the global health care workforce intensifies, there is a need to mobilize relevant HCWs to the frontline of prevention and control activities. This study assessed the willingness of HCW to participate as frontline care providers during COVID-19 prevention and control in South-western Nigeria.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 709 healthcare providers serially recruited through an online survey. Research instrument was a semi structured pretested, self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software version 23.0.

Results: Fifty-four percent opined that Nigeria presently lacks human resource capacity to manage the ongoing pandemic. While 64.9% were willing to work as frontline health care provider in COVID-19 control, about 81.5% of the respondents would work on some conditions, and 76.0% would work voluntarily. About 19.7% stated that they were not at risk of contracting COVID-19. Barriers to volunteering included “lack of confidence in Government/employer caring for the health worker if infected” (97%). Significant predictors of willingness to work as front line HCWs include being a male (OR 3.8), spending less than 10 years in practice (OR 2.75), availability of PPEs (OR 3.57); payment of special allowance (OR 1.56); increment of hazard allowance (OR 2.29); and prior training on IPC (OR 2.85).

Conclusion: Governments and other stakeholders need to remove listed barriers and encourage motivators to work as frontline health care workers to facilitate COVID-19 control in Nigeria.

Author Biography

Demilade Olusola Ibirongbe, University of Medical Sciences (UNIMED) Ondo

Department of Community Medicine



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How to Cite

ADEBIMPE, O. W., Ibirongbe, D. O., ABUBAKAR, A. A., OLADAPO, M. M., OLAREWAJU, S., OSINUBI, O. M., … AWE, B. O. (2022). Willingness to work as frontline Health care providers during COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 21(4), 212–227. https://doi.org/10.60787/tnhj.v21i4.542

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