Practice of Food Hygiene among Nursing Mothers attending UnderFive Clinics in a Rural Community in Edo State, Nigeria


  • OI Alenoghena Department of Community Health, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
  • OB Asalu Department of Community Health, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
  • OA Aigbiremolen Department of Community Medicine, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria



Mothers, Children, Education, Hygiene, Food


Background: Children under the age of five are prone to foodborne diseases, resulting from poor food hygiene because of their less effective immune systems. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of food hygiene among nursing mothers attending under-five clinics.

Method: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study, involving 330 nursing mothers attending the under-five clinic in health care facilities. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. A p-value <0.05 at 95% confidence interval was considered statistically significant.

Result: Eighty-two percent of the respondents had good knowledge of food hygiene; 95.2% had a good attitude and 82.7% demonstrated good practice. Knowledge on food hygiene was significantly associated with the age of the respondents (P=0.008) and their educational status (P=0.001), those with tertiary education doing better. Similarly, respondents with tertiary education
had significantly better attitude (P=0.001 and practice (P=0.001). The predictors of knowledge on food hygiene were education status (odds ratio [OR] =0.249, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.126, 0.492) and occupation of the respondents (OR = 2.158, 95% CI: 1.156, 4.026). Educational status was also the predictor for positive attitude (OR =0.143, 95% CI: 0.031, 0.667) and practice of food hygiene (OR =0.394, 95% CI: 0.210, 0.738).

Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practice of food hygiene among the respondents was good. Predictors of knowledge included level of education and occupation. Government at the State and Local Government levels should organize regular health promotion on food hygiene. 


Rajiv Kumar Gupta PS, Renu Rani, Rashmi Kumari, Chandini Gupta, Riya Gupta,. Hand hygiene: knowledge, attitude and practices among mothers of under 5 children attending a tertiary care hospital in North India. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health.2018;5(3):1116-21.

Liu L JH, Cousens S, Perin J, Scott S, Lawn JE, et al,. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000. Lancet. 2012;379:2151- 61.

Nurul A Mohamed NNZA, Shalinawati Ramli, Ilina Isahak, Nooriah Mohamed , Salleh. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hand hygiene among parents of preschool children. J Scientific Innovative Res. 2016;5(1):1-6.

Kaferstein F. Foodborne diseases in developing countries: Aetiology, epidemiology and strategies for prevention2003; (13 Suppl 1):[S161-8. doi.10.1080/0960312031000102949.

World Health Organization. WHO’s first ever global estimates of foodborne diseases find children under 5 account for almost one third of deaths. Geneva: World Health Organization,; 2015.

Ejemot-Nwadiaro RI EJ, Arikpo D, Meremikwu MM, Critchley JA,. Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea (Review)2015 Accessed 2023 May 30; (9). Available from:

Sedigheh Yeganeh NM, Saeid NajafpourBoushehri and Maryam Ravanipour,. Assessment of the knowledge and attitude of infants’ mothers from Bushehr (Iran) on food security using anthropometric indicators in 2016: a cross-sectional study2018 Accessed 15 May 2023; 18:621. Available from: 5.

Kids Health for Nemours. Food poisoning 2020 [updated Accessed 2023 May 30. Available from:

World Health Organization. Fact sheets Geneva: WHO; 2022 : 6 - 10

Felix Akpojene Ogbo AO, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Akorede O. Awosemo et al, . Diarrhoea deaths and disabilityadjusted life years attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding practices in Nigeria: findings from the global burden of disease study 2016. International breastfeeding Journal. 2019;14(4):1-9.

Monica Woldt and Gerald G. Moy. Literature Review on Effective Food Hygiene Interventions for Households in Developing Countries.

Washington, DC 20009: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA),; 2015: 6-7.

Somiya Gutbi Salim Mohammed. Food Safety Knowledge among Women in Selected Areas in Khartoum City. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2013;2(2):519-25.

G.M. Subba Rao RVS, Pratima Rao, M. Vishnu Vardhana Rao, Kalpagam Polasa, . Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of mothers— Findings from focus group studies in South India. ScienceDirect. 2007;49(2):441-9.

Barrell RA RM. Infant foods as a potential source of diarrhoeal illness in rural West Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1979;73(1):85-90.

Kosek M BC, Guerrant RL,. The global burden of diarrhoeal disease, as estimated from studies published between 1992 and 2000. Bull World Health Organ 2023;81(3):197-204.

Subba Rao GM SR, Rao P, Vishnu Vardhana Rao M, Polasa K,. Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of mothers: findings from focus group studies in South India. Appetite 2007;49(2):441-9.

Rita El Haddad NY, Mohamad Abou Haidar, Maha Hotei,. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Lebanese Married Women towardsFood Safety. Atena Journal of Public Health. 2020;2(1). Available from

Roopa R Mendagudali KDA, Indupalli Amruta Swati, Dayalaxmi Tukaram Shedole, Nazir Ahmed D Bendigeri. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of food safety among women of Khaza bazar, the urban field practice area of KBN Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, Karnataka2016 Accessed 2023 May 20; 5(3). Available from:

Mohamed Fawzi MES. Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Women Working in Alexandria University, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2009;84:94-117.

Atimati AO AV, Sokeimieibi SI,. Home management of childhood diarrhoeal diseases among caregivers in Benin City, Edo State. Annals

of Medical and Surgical Practice. 2019;4(1):40-50.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). National Nutrition and Health Survey (NNHS) 2018. Abuja: National Bureau of Statistics and National Population Commission; 2018.

Aladejebi OJ, Adeyeye, Adeleke Joseph and 3 Olatunji, Esther Olayemi. Assessment of Solid Waste Management in IFE North Local

Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2015;5(9).

Demisu Zenbaba BS, Fikadu Nugusu, Girma Beressa, Fikreab Desta, Daniel Atlaw et al. Food hygiene practices and determinants among food handlers in Ethiopia: a systematic review and metaanalysis2022 Accessed 2023 May 22; 50(34). Available from: 022-00423-6.

Azanaw J, Gebrehiwot, M. & Dagne, H. Factors associated with food safety practices among food handlers: facility-based cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2019;12(683).

Jubayer MF KM, Hossain MS, Uddin MN, AlEmran M, Akter SS. Evaluation of food safety knowledge, attitude, and self-reported practices of trained and newly recruited untrained workers of two baking industries in Dhaka, Bangladesh2020 PMC7511820.]; 6(9).




How to Cite

Alenoghena , O., Asalu , O., & Aigbiremolen , O. (2023). Practice of Food Hygiene among Nursing Mothers attending UnderFive Clinics in a Rural Community in Edo State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 23(3), 799–809.



Original Articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.