Health Implications of Sanitation in a Public Abattoir in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Keywords:Public Abattoir, Sanitation, Port Harcourt
Background: Meat, a universal staple food item is gotten primarily from farm animals after slaughtering and preparation in abattoirs or slaughter houses. The slaughtering of animals in abattoirs or slaughter houses ensures the production of supervised, wholesome and healthy meat and meat products. There are pointers that this may not be the situation in all abattoirs in developing countries like Nigeria. The study was aimed at evaluating sanitary conditions and their attendant health implications at the Port-Harcourt abattoir.
Methodology: Following ethical approval, this descriptive cross-sectional study started with a reconnaissance work through survey to the Port Harcourt abattoir. Thereafter, respondents were selected by stratified sampling with proportionate representation of all categories of operators in the calculated sample size of 74 respondents. Data were collected using structured self (and in some cases, interviewer) administered questionnaires and processed using Microsoft Excel package and presented in tables.
Results: The study showed that the operators were mostly (100%) in agreement that infrastructure and processes like lairage, waste disposal, water, pest and animal inspection were either non-functional or below acceptable standards. The walk through (done with a checklist of the components of sanitation) further buttressed responses of the participants as the abattoir was lacking in hygiene, space, infrastructure and services.
Conclusion: This abattoir is lacking in infrastructure and operation as attested to by the operators and the walk through. There is the need to upgrade facilities at the slaughter house. In addition health education of the operators on modern, more hygienic and safer abattoir practices is advocated
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 The Nigerian Health Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Journal is owned, published and copyrighted by the Nigerian Medical Association, River state Branch. The copyright of papers published are vested in the journal and the publisher. In line with our open access policy and the Creative Commons Attribution License policy authors are allowed to share their work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
TNHJ also supports open access archiving of articles published in the journal after three months of publication. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g, in institutional repositories or on their website) within the stated period, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). All requests for permission for open access archiving outside this period should be sent to the editor via email to email@example.com.