Black Soot: A Threat to the Environment and Population’s Health in Rivers State Nigeria


  • GA Owhor University of Port Harcourt
  • CR Chigbo Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria.
  • GC Iwendi Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria.
  • IO Ogunkola Department of Public Health, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
  • O Germanos Medical School of University of Cyprus.
  • R Ateb Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
  • BI Uba Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.


Black soot, environment, cardiovascular health, Rivers State, Nigeria


Air pollution is harmful to the environment and the habiting population. Rivers state is not new to this as black soot continues to accumulate in the air and exert unpleasant effects on the environment and the health of occupants of the state. The soot has caused deteriorating effects on the aesthetics of the environment, affecting both soil and water bodies, disrupting agricultural practices and contributing to climate change. Population health has also not been spared, with the increased presence of carcinogenic elements in the atmosphere, alongside an increased risk for respiratory diseases such as bronchitis and asthma. There is a need for proper documentation of black soot events in Rivers State. New policies should be created and adopted to reduce its formation. Mass media activity to enlighten the public on the threats of Black Soot is needed. Preventive measures that can be effective in curbing the situation should be provided.


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How to Cite

Owhor, G. A., Rejoice Chigbo, C., Chinemelum Iwendi, G., Ogunkola, I., germanos, O., Ateb, R., & Iriagbonse Uba, B. (2023). Black Soot: A Threat to the Environment and Population’s Health in Rivers State Nigeria . The Nigerian Health Journal, 23(1), 577–579. Retrieved from



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