UPTAKE OF CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AMONG FEMALE TEACHERS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

Authors

  • Timothy Aghogho Ehwarieme DEPARTMENT OF NURISNG SCIECNE, SCHOOL OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIECNES, UNIVERISTY OF BENIN, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE
  • Anwuli Emina Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Edo State

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide, the level of knowledge and uptake of cervical cancer screening among women especially secondary school teachers in the country is unclear due to lack of reliable population-based cancer registry or prevention program databases Aim: The study assessed knowledge, attitude, uptake of cervical cancer screening and its associated factors among female secondary school teachers in Egor local government area of Edo state. Methods: A descriptive cross sessional survey design  was adopted, using simple random technique to select participants and a structured questionnaire as instrument for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and hypothesis was tested using chi-square and multiple logistic regression at 5% level of significant. Result: Only 32(14.5%) of the respondents has good knowledge of cervical cancer screening, 125(56.8%) had negative attitude toward cervical cancer screening, while 197(89.9%) has a low uptake of cervical cancer screening. Participants between (25–34) (OR=15.20, C.I= 2.57 - 89.93) more likely to take up uptake of cervical cancer screening than those who are 55years and above, married participants (OR=18.82,C.I = 2.67 - 132.75) more likely to take up uptake of cervical cancer  screening that those who are divorced. Conclusion:  There is poor knowledge, negative attitude and low uptake of cervical cancer screening among female secondary school teachers in study area, there is need for health care providers to ensure that secondary school teachers have a proper understanding and explore the uptake of cervical cancer screening service.

 

 

Author Biographies

Timothy Aghogho Ehwarieme , DEPARTMENT OF NURISNG SCIECNE, SCHOOL OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIECNES, UNIVERISTY OF BENIN, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

NURSING SCIECNE DEPARTMENT LECTURER I

Anwuli Emina, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Edo State

Department of Nursing Science, Assitant Lecturer

References

Ferlay J, Ervik M, Lam F, Colombet M, Mery L & Piñeros M, Global Cancer Observatory: Cancer Today. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2018.

Agbo, N. Cervical cancer: the cancer killing Nigerian women 2018. Retrieved from https://m.guardian.ng/life/cervical-cancer-the-cancer-killing-nigerian-women/

World Health Organization, Cervical Cancer, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2018. Accessed on 5/10/2021 from: http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/non-communicable-diseases-managementndm/programme-components/cancer/cervical-cancer/2810-cervical-cancer.html

Bray, FJ. Ferlay, I. Soerjomataram, RL. Siegel, LA. Torre, & Jemal, A “Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries,” CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 2018; vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 394–424,

Mukama T., Rawlance N., Angele M., Abdullah A, & David M., Women’s knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer prevention: a cross sectional study in Eastern Uganda. BMC Women's Health. 2017;17:9. PubMed | Google Scholar

Bruni L, Albero G, Serrano B, Mena M, Gómez D, & Muñoz J, ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in Nigeria, 2019

Assoumou, SZ., Mabika, BM., Mbuiguino, AN., Mouallif, M., Khattabi, A., & Ennagi, MM. Awareness and knowledge regarding of cervical cancer, Pap smear screening and human papilloma virus infection in Gabonese women. BMC Women’s Health, 2015. 15 (37), 1-7.

Okunowo AA. & Smith-Okonu S. T.cervical cancer screening among urban women in lagos ,Nigeria: Focus on barriers and motivators for screening.2020;(1):10-16

Chia PN, Udzua FK, Ugese JI. Assessment of knowledge of cervical cancer and Pap smear screening in Makurdi metropolis. J Health Sci 2016;4:283-9.

Ubajaka C, Ukegbu A, Ilikannu S, Ibeh C, Onyeonoro U, & Ezeanyim A. Knowledge of cervical cancer and practice of Pap smear testing among secondary school teachers in nnewi North local government area of Anambra state, South Eastern Nigeria. Adv Sex Med 2015;5:13-21.

Idowu A, Olowookere SA, Fagbemi AT, Ogunlaja OA. Determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community Based Study. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, volume 2016 (2016);8. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1155/ 2016/6469240

Obi, AI. (2015).Cervical cancer knowledge and screening practices among women of reproductive age in Benin, Edo State. Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care. 27(2), 59-66.

Ifemelumma CC.,Anikwe CC.,Okorochukwu BC.,Onu FA. Cervical cancer screening: Assessment of perception and utilization of services among health workers in low resource setting 2019 Article ID 6505482, 8 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6505482.

Ijezie AE, Johnson OE. Knowledge of cervical cancer and the uptake of the Papanicolaou smear test among public secondary school teachers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Niger Med J 2019;60:245-51

Okonowa AA, Daramola SE, Soibi-Harry. Women knowledge of cervical cancer and uptake of pap smear testing and the factors influencing it in Nigeria hospital, Journal of Cancer Research and Practice,2018.5(3),105-111

Olubodun T, Odukoya OO & Balogun MR. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer prevention, among women residing in an urban slum in Lagos, South West, Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2019;18;32:130. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2019.32.130.14432. PMID: 31223418; PMCID: PMC6561126

Ingwu, JA. (2016). Knowledge and Screening Practices of Cervical Cancer among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Tertiary Hospitals in Enugu, South-Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Cancer and Tumor International, 4(2), 1-9.

Tsegaye S, Mengistu D & Gultie T. Knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer screening and associated factors among female Hawassa university college of medicine and health sciences students. MOJ Public Health. 2018;7(3):151‒158. DOI: 10.15406/mojph.2018.07.00221

Khadka, K., Shah, SK., Sanal, TS., Mathias, J., Upadhayay, A., Ghimire, R. &Ghimire, S. (2017). Knowledge and Awareness about Cervical Cancer Screening and HPV Vaccine among Females Aged 15-49 Years in Rukum District of Nepal. American Journal of Cancer Prevention, 5(1): 10-16.

Shiferaw, S., Addissie, A., Gizaw, M., Hirpa, S., Ayele, W., Getachew, S., Assefa, M. & Jemal, A. Knowledge about cervical cancer and barriers toward cervical cancer screening among HIV-positive women attending public health centres in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia. Cancer Medicine, 2018; 7(3), 903-912.

Adeola M. T,. et al. Knowledge, perceptions and practice of cervical cancer prevention among female public secondary school teachers in Mushin local government area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;28:221. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.221.13980

Ehwarieme TA.,Ekrebe AJ.& Oko-ose J.N. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among undergraduate residing in hall of residents, University of Benin, journal of science and technology; 2017.5(1),p.1

Nyamambi E, Murendo C, Sibanda N & Mazinyane S. Knowledge, attitudes and barriers of cervical cancer screening among women in Chegutu rural district of Zimbabwe, Cogent Social Sciences, 2020 6:1, 1766784, DOI:10.1080/23311886.2020.1766784

Anyebe, EE., Opaluwa, SA., Muktar, HM. & Philip, F. Knowledge and Practice of Cervical Cancer Screening amongst Nurses in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria. vol 4 No 17 (2015)

Tekle T, Wolka E, Nega B, Kumma WP & Koyira MM. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women and Associated Factors in Hospitals of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Cancer Manag Res. 2020 Feb 11;12:993-1005. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S240364. PMID: 32104081; PMCID: PMC7023884.

Ahmed S, Sabitu K, Idris S, Ahmed R. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among market women in Zaria, Nigeria. Niger Med J. 2013; 54: 316-319.

Ezomo OT. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer preventive strategies among market women in Ibadan, Nigeria. In: proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research; 2014; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Can Prev Res 2015; 8.

Ahmed S A, Sabitu K, Idris S .H, & Ahmed R. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among market women in Zaria, Nigeria. Niger Med J. 2015 Sep;54(5):316-9. doi: 10.4103/0300-1652.122337. PMID: 24403709; PMCID: PMC3883231.

Oluseyi AE. Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude to Cervical Cancer and Its Screening among Females in Somolu Local Government Area, Lagos, Nigeria. J Community Med Health Care. 2019; 4(1): 1031.

Ajibola IS Anu O, Aderonke TF,& Olumuyiwa AO. Determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community-Based Study, Journal of cancer Epidemology,2016.Volume 2016: 8

Aweke YH, Ayanto SY, & Ersado TL, “Knowledge, attitude and practice for cervical cancer prevention and control among women of childbearing age in Hossana town, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia: community-based crosssectional study,” PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 7, Article ID e0181415, 2017

Gebru, Z, Gerbaba, M. & Dirar, A. Utilization of Cervical Carcinoma Screening Service and Associated Factors among currently married women in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Women’s Health Care, 2016 5: 297-302.

Omorogbe CE, & Eremwanarue JE,. Awareness and Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Female Students in School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Nigeria. American Journal of Nursing Science 2019;8,(4);163-168. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190804.17

Kileo, NM., Denna, M., Neke, NM. &Moshiro, C. Utilization of cervical cancer screening services and its associated factors among primary school teachers in Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Health Services Research, 2015 15:552

Kokuro M (2017) Factors affecting the utilisation of cervical cancer screening among women attending health services in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch 2017 University.https://scholar.sun.ac.za

Kimani K, Muchiri PM, JJuma, JN, Mogere, D., & Ngetich, E. Factors Influencing Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening among Rural Women in Webuye East Sub - County, Kenya. International Research Journal of Oncology, 2019 2(3), 1-12. Retrieved from http://www.journalirjo.com/index.php/IRJO/article/view/30108

Nwabichie CC, Manaf RA, and Ismail SB. Factors Affecting Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening Among African Women in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018; 19(3): 825–831.doi: 10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.3.825

Lim JNW, Ojo AA. Barriers to utilisation of cervical cancer screening in sub Sahara Africa: a systematic review. Eur J Cancer Care. 2017;26 (1):e12444.

Black E, Hyslop F, Richmond R. Barriers and facilitators to uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in Uganda: a systematic review. BMC Womens Health. 2019;19(1):108.

Okolie EA, Barker D, Nnyanzi LA, Anjorin S, Aluga D, Nwadike BI. Factors influencing cervical cancer screening practice among female health workers in Nigeria: A systematic review. Cancer Reports. 2021;e1514. https://doi.org/10.1002/cnr2.1514

Downloads

Published

2022-06-30

Issue

Section

Original Articles