Social, Mental and Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Households
Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging public health problem threatening different components of people’s health globally. Lockdown phenomenon associated with this disease has the potential of affecting total well-being of the people. This study assessed the social, mental and economic impact of COVID-19 on households in three Geo-political zones of Nigeria.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among residents of South-west, South-south and North-central, Nigeria from May to June 2020, using convenience sampling via Google link.400 willing residents were recruited for the study and semi-structured, mixed administered questionnaire was used to collect data on Economic, social and emotional effect of COVID 19 on respondents. All data collected were subjected to Chi-square test (SPSS version 22).
Results: Respondents with highest frequency for total (39.55%) and partial (41.70%) lockdown were within age 31-40 years. The effect of various media was confusion (37.81%) in total lockdown and more of fear and anxiety (37.61%) in partial lockdown. The highest overall score of lockdown impact was on high economic impact.
Female (OR = 7.2, 95% CI =2.7-19.4) and Tertiary and above educational status (OR= 9.7, 95% CI =2.2- 42.1) were associated with higher likelihood of economic impact while, age 30 years and above are less likely to have social and emotional impact of COVID-19 (OR= 0.1, 95% CI = 0.1-0.4).
This study revealed that COVID-19 adversely affected economy of female and respondents with higher educational status. While, social and emotional response of respondents older than 30years were not negatively influenced.
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