Nigeria’s national health act: how well-informed are our Physicians?

Osahon Enabulele, Joan Emien Enabulele



In the year 2014, Nigeria’s National Health Act (NHA) was enacted. Physicians as key stakeholders in the implementation of the Act are expected to be conversant with the provisions of the Act. This study assessed the knowledge and perception of the National Health Act by Physicians.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of a group of Physicians in Nigeria to assess their self-reported knowledge and perception of the National Health Act 2014.   Data were analysed using the Statistical Package of Social Sciences version 16 (IBM SPSS, Chicago, IL) statistical software, with Pearson’s chi square used to determine associations between variables. Statistical significance was set at a P value of < 0.05.

Results: There were 152 respondents with 138 males and 14 females (M: F = 1:0.1).           Most (82.9%) had good perception of the NHA; majority (96.1%) were aware of the Act, while less than a fifth (16.4%) had good knowledge of the NHA.

Conclusion: Although Physicians surveyed in this study had a high level of awareness and good perception of the National Health Act, they do not seem to be sufficiently well informed about the Act. Their knowledge of the Act would therefore need to be improved upon.


National Health Ac; Nigeria; Physicians;


National Health Act, 2014. Explanatory Memorandum. Available online at: Accessed February 19, 2017.

Enabulele O. Making the National Health Act operational. A keynote address delivered at the opening ceremony of the National Executive Council meeting of the Nigerian Medical Association. Enugu, Nigeria. 25th August 2016.

Channels Television. NMA decries neglect of National Health Act. Available from; uploaded October 24, 2016. Accessed February 19, 2017.

The Constitution of the Nigerian Medical Association,2001.

Nigerian Medical Association: About Us. Available from Accessed 6th January, 2017.

THE NATION. Doctors, Pharmacists, Others disagree on Health Bill. Available from; uploaded February 19, 2013. Accessed February 19, 2017.

Enabulele O, Enabulele JE. Nigeria’s National Health Act: An assessment of health professionals’ knowledge and perception. NMJ. 2016; 57(5):260-5.

Vagias, Wade M. (2006). Likert-type scale response anchors. Clemson International Institute for Tourism and Research Development, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management. Clemson University.

Enabulele O. Overview of the National Health Act and its implications. A presentation delivered at the 2015 Medical Conference of Ace Medicare Clinics Ltd. Ota, Nigeria. 15th December 2015.

Ajuwon GA. Use of the Internet for health information by physicians for patient care in a teaching hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria. Biomed Digit Libr 2006, 3:12. doi: 10.1186/1742-5581-3-12.

Ogunyade TO, Obajemu AS. Use of information resources in some selected health science libraries in Lagos, Nigeria. Nig Qt J Hosp Med. 2006; 16(4): 122-127.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292