Evaluation of Musculoskeletal pain, Health and Safety measures among workers at construction sites in Port Harcourt, Nigeria


  • Friday Aaron Department of Surgery, Rivers State University (RSU), Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  • Anelechi Madume Department of Physical Therapy, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital (RSUTH), Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  • Rex F Ijah Department of Surgery


Musculoskeletal Pain, Health & Safety Measures, Construction Workers, Nigeria, Port Harcourt


Background: Musculoskeletal disorders constitute a major health challenge for construction workers and the general population. The study evaluated musculoskeletal pain, health and safety measures among workers at construction sites in the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital, and two of the flyover bridges sites in the last quarter of 2021.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among workers at construction sites in the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital and two flyover-bridges in Port Harcourt Nigeria. Questionnaire was used to obtain data that was analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0.

Results: A total of seventy-five (75) respondents were involved I n the study. More than half (50%) of respondents had pain at the neck, shoulder, waist, and wrist/fingers not allowing them to hold objects firmly. Twenty-nine (38.7%) respondents had undergone training for safety measures before start of work at the construction site. Sixty-three (84.0%) had worked in awkward positions at site. Forty-one (54.7%) respondents opined that PPEs were not provided, and 47 (62.7%) did not use PPEs at work. Complaints of injury was often taken seriously at some construction sites as declared by 32 (42.7%) respondents; however, 20 (26.7%) respondents had a contrary opinion. 

Conclusion: Musculoskeletal pain is a common problem affecting most construction site workers following workplace tasks or injuries sustained. There was no uniformity in training and conduct on health and safety issues. There is need for a regulatory framework to ensure compliance with health and safety measures at construction sites.

Author Biography

Rex F Ijah, Department of Surgery

Department of Surgery; Senior Registrar



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How to Cite

Aaron, F., Madume, A., & Ijah, R. F. (2023). Evaluation of Musculoskeletal pain, Health and Safety measures among workers at construction sites in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal, 22(4), 397–406. Retrieved from https://tnhjph.com/index.php/tnhj/article/view/622



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