Comparative assessment of young people psychosocial, economic state and reproductive health needs between total and partial lockdown states of Nigeria
Introduction: In Nigeria, adolescents and young adults, age 10-24 years constitute 32% of the entire population. They are particularly vulnerable when disasters occur, such as in the current pandemic. Existing events and circumstances including the various pandemic-related movement restrictions (lock-down) influences behavioural attitudes and predisposes to risky sexual behaviours.
Methodology: This is a comparative cross-sectional study conducted between a total lockdown (Osun) state and partial lockdown (Oyo) state in South-Western Nigeria. A convenience sampling technique was adopted using a self-administered closed-ended questionnaire designed using Google form and data were then analysed using SPSS version 22. Bivariate analysis and Logistic regression were performed with the level of significance set at p < 0.05.
Results: A higher proportion of those in Osun (total lockdown) state have their needs extremely difficult to meet during the pandemic period compared to Oyo (partial lockdown) had their needs only a little difficult to meet. Different factors were found to influence the social, economic effect and reproductive health needs but age and educational level attained were found to be common factors that affected young people needs during the lockdown period.
Conclusion: Access to contraceptive drastically reduced during this pandemic, especially among those under total lockdown, this may consequently lead to the increase incidence of unwanted pregnancies among the youths, which if not well managed could lead to unsafe abortion and invariably, death. As new COVID-19 cases continue to emerge, staying at home for prolonged periods of time can pose a significant challenge on the health of young people.
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