Pattern of Adult Surgical Admissions at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State - a 2 Year Review
Keywords:Adult Surgical Admissions, Pattern, Niger Delta, Nigeria
It is important to know the pattern of disease in any environment as this information is useful in planning intervention strategies. There is however a paucity of studies on the pattern of surgical diseases in Nigeria. We therefore aim to document the pattern of surgical diseases in adult surgical in- patients at the Niger delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State.
All adult surgical patients admitted into the wards at the Niger delta University teaching hospital between January, 2010 and December, 2012 were retrospectively studied.
A total of597 adult surgical in- patients were studied. There were 438 (73.5%) males and 158 (26.5%) females. The mean age of patients was 42.9± 18.2 years. The commonest diagnostic category was trauma 31.7%. This was followed by gastrointestinal conditions 20.6%, external hernias 16.1%, malignancies 8.2%, genitourinary conditions 7.7%, leg ulcers 6.5%, soft tissue infections 3.0% and others 6.2%. We observed a mortality rate of 7.5% which was highest among patients with malignancies at 24.5%.
Trauma was the commonest cause of surgical admission while the percentage of deaths was highest in patients with malignancies.
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