Lipomas In The Oro-Facial And Neck Region: An Overview Of Cases Treated In A Teaching Hospital, North-West, Nigeria.
Keywords:Lipoma, tumour, adipocytes, oro-facial, neck, cheek.
Background: Lipoma is a benign tumour of adipose tissue and is one of the most common benign neoplasms of the body. However, its occurrence in the head and neck region is very rare.
Objective: To present the clinical features and management of lipoma of oro-facial and neck region in our Centre.
Methods: The study was a retrospective review of case files of patients that were treated in our Centre for lipoma in the oro-facial and neck region from January, 2010 to April, 2020.
Results: Twenty-nine cases were included in the study. Majority of the cases occurred in the age group 51 – 60 years (n=8, 34.5%), the least affected was age group 21 - 30 (n=2, 6.7%). Twenty-two (76%) occurred in males, while seven (24%) in females at the ratio of 3:1. It was commoner in the cheek (n=8, 27.6%), followed by the submandibular region (n=7, 24.1%) and occurred least in the sublingual region (n=2, 7.0%). Surgical excision was the modality of treatment for all our cases.
Conclusion: Lipoma could cause facial disfigurement and surgical excision is the ideal treatment with excellent outcome. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and histopathological investigation are essential in the management of lipoma.
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