SPECTRUM OF THYROID DISEASES IN SOUTH SOUTH, NIGERIA
Keywords:Thyroid diseases, clinical features, histopathology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
BACKGROUND: Diseases of the thyroid gland are common endocrine disorders encountered globally and the incidence varies from one geographical region to another.
AIM: To determine the dermographic, clinical and histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases as seen in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 6 year retrospective study of all patients with thyroid diseases that were managed at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital between January 2006 and December 2011. Relevant data were retrieved from the case notes and analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.
RESULTS: A total of 80 patients with thyroid diseases were evaluated. They included 11 (13.7%) males and 69 (86.3%) females with a male to female ratio of 1: 6.3. Their ages ranged from 18 to 70 years with a mean of 40.3±4.4 years and peak age at 31-40 years. Colloid goitre was the commonest lesion encountered, seen in 21.3% of the patients with an average age of 37.4±3.1 years and peak age of 21-30 years. Cosmesis was found to be the major indication for surgery and respiratory obstruction the commonest post operative complication seen.
CONCLUSION: Diseases of the thyroid gland are common in Port Harcourt and seen in both genders with a female preponderance. Colloid goitre was the commonest lesion encountered and respiratory obstruction the commonest surgical complication.
KEY WORDS: Thyroid diseases, clinical features, histopathology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
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