Prevalence, risk factors and pattern of distribution of Gingival Recession in UPTH.
Background: Gingival recession is an undesirable and common condition in dental practice and has multiple etiological factors.
Objective: To determine the prevalence, possible risk factors and pattern of distribution of gingival recession among patients attending the periodontology clinic of UPTH.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional study of all patients attending the Periodontology clinic at the Dental Centre of UPTH over a 3 months period. A self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographics and oral health practices. Oral examination was done to determine the presence of plaque, calculus and gingival recession. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Chi-square analysis at 5% level of significance.
Results: One hundred and nine patients attended the periodontology clinic during the study period. The age range was 17 to 74 years with a mean age of 33.9±13.8 years. The prevalence of gingival recession in this study was 32.1%. Thirty-five patients (32.1%) comprising 18 males and 17 females had gingival recession. Age, occupation and brushing technique (p<0.05) were the significant risk factors for gingival recession. The mean number of sites with recessions increased with age, rising from 3.6 in the 20-29 years age group to 17.1 in the >60years age group, though there was no statistically significant association(p>0.05). Maxillary left premolars had the highest number of sites affected (26/14.1%).
Conclusion: About one-third of the study population had gingival recession. Age, poor oral hygiene and brushing techniques were the significant risk factors. Males and maxillary left premolars had more sites with gingival recession.
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