Effects of Stress on Community Health Workers Performance in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State

Otovwe Agofure, Oghenenioborue Okandeji-Barry, Sunday Ignatius Ume, Salisu Yulum


Introduction: Job stress is a frequent problem among health workers as it has a negative impact on their job performance. The study aims to determine the effect of job-related stress on community health worker’s performance in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed among 202 Community Health Workers. A questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents; while the mean was used to show the level of stress among the health workers and logistic regression was used to predict the various stressors which affect health workers performance.

Results: The results showed most of the respondents were females. Majority of the respondents 82.50% affirmed a high level of stress on their job performance. Furthermore, the study showed that job related stressors such as lack of time to do job properly (AOR=2.941, 95% CI=1.034-8.370) and unclear job specification (AOR=2.051, 95% CI=0.717-5.871); organisational related stressors such as lack of information on the job (AOR=5.250, 95% CI=1.698-16.228) and lack of involvement in decision making in the work place (AOR=3.753, 95% CI=1.399-10.067) and individually related stressors such as insufficient income to support self and family (AOR=1.871, 95% CI=0.761-4.598) and lack of job security (AOR=1.500, 95% CI=0.624-3.608) all had an effect on the respondents’ job performance.

Conclusion: The study showed stress has an effect on community health workers job performance. Therefore stress reduction strategies should be implemented at primary health centres to reduce the stress on community health workers in order to improve their service delivery.


Community health workers, stress, performance, job


Firth L, Mellor DJ, Moore KA, loquat C. How can managers reduce employee intention to quit? J Manager Psychol. 2004; 19 (2): 170-187.

Velayutham CM, Chandru D. An Empirical study on Job Stress and its impact on health workers in Private Hospitals at Tiruchirappalli, South India. IJCRB. 2012; 4:7.

Kotteeswari M, Sharief ST. Job stress and its impact on employees’ performance a study with reference to employees working in BPOS. IJBARR. 2014; 2(4).

Laiba Dar, AnumAkmal, Muhammad AkramNaseem, KashifUd Din Khan. Impact of Stress on Employees Job Performance in Business Sector of Pakistan. GJMBR. 2011; 11(6).

Jaskiewicz W, Tulenko K. Increasing community health worker productivity and effectiveness: A renew of the influence of the work environment. Newman resource for health. 2012; 10(38): 2-9.

Crigler L, Hill K, Furth R, Bjerregaard D. Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM): a toolkit for improving CHW programs and services. Bethesda. 2011; MD: USAID.

Haq Z, Iqbal Z, Rahman A. Job stress among community health workers: a multi-method study from Pakistan. IJMHS. 2008; 2:15.

Mojoyinola JK. Effects of Job Stress on Health, Personal and Work Behaviour of Nurses in Public Hospitals in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Ethno-Med. 2008; 2(2): 143-148.

NIOSH. 1998. “Stress at Work: Job Stress and Health.” Retrieved January 9, 2006, from http://www.cdc/ gov/noish/jobstress.html.

Hanif R. Teachers stress, job performance and self- efficiency of women school teachers M.Phil thesis in national instate of psychology Centre of excellence Quaidi-i-acam University, Islamabad 2004.

Kamalakumati K, Ambika P. A study on the effect of Stress on performance of employees in Commercial Bank of Ceylon in the Eastern Province. EJBM. 2013; 5:27.

Noosorn N, Wongwat R. Predictors of burnout among community health personnel of primary care units in the Northern region of Thailand. JNBH. 2010; 2(2): 018-022.

Etim JJ, Bassey PE, NdepAntor O. Work – related stress among healthcare workers in UGEP, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A study of sources, effects, and coping strategies. Inter J Pub Health, Pharm and Pharmacol. 2015; 1(1): 23-34.

Dijkhuizen, N.V. Towards organizational coping with stress. In Marshall, J. and Cooper, C.L. (eds), Coping with stress at work. 1981; Aldershot: Gowen.

Health and safety Executives (HSE). Stress management. 2001. accessed from http:llwww.hse.org/stressmanagment.pdf.

American Psychological Association. Stress in America A.P.A USA. 2008. Accessed from http://apahelpcentre.mediaroom.com

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292