Impact of two pedagogical techniques on knowledge of dental implantology among undergraduate dental students

Joan Emien Enabulele, Julie Omole Omo


Objective: To evaluate the impact of different pedagogical techniques on the teaching of dental implant.

METHODOLOGY: This was a comparative study involving two classes of final year dental students. The two classes were taught dental implantology. The first class received only theory lectures while in addition to the theory lectures the second class received lecture   supported videos. All data collected were entered into a computer and analysed using IBM Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 21.0. Univariate and bivariate analyses were done.  Independent sample t-test was used to test differences in mean between the classes and paired sample t-test was used to test differences in mean within the group. Statistical significance was set at 5%.

RESULT: A total of 48 students (24 from each class) gave consent to participate in this study. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean knowledge scores between both classes prior to commencement of the study. However, there was statistically significant difference in the mean knowledge scores after the pedagogical intervention between both classes. There was also no statistically significant difference in the mean difference pre pedagogical intervention between the two classes. However, there was statistically significant difference in the mean knowledge scores pre and post pedagogical intervention within the two classes.

CONCLUSION: Both didactic theory lectures alone and a combination of didactic theory lectures with supporting videos are good pedagogical techniques in the teaching of dental implantology. However, didactic theory lectures with supporting videos is a more effective pedagogical technique.


dental implant, pedagogical techniques, undergraduate students


Addy LD, Lynch CD, Locke M, Watts A, Gilmour ASM. The teaching of dental implant dentistry in undergraduate schools in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Br Dent J 2008;205:609-614.

Saxena V, Lohiya J, Bhambal A, Vanka S, Talreja N, Kankane N. Out-look of undergraduate dental students on dental implants in Bhopal, Central India. Inter J Scientific Study 2014;1:2-8.

Aljhani A, Zawawi KH., 2010. The use of mini-implantsin en masse retraction for the treatment of bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion. Saudi Dent J. 22, 35-39.

Danza M, Zollino I, Avantaggiato A, Lucchese A,Carinci F., 2011. Distance between implants has a potential impact of crestal bone resorption. Saudi Dent J. 23, 129-133

Tarakji B, Nassani MZ., 2012. Factors associated with hematoma of the floor of the mouth after placement of dental implants. Saudi Dent J. 24, 11-15.

Hicklin SP, Albrektsson T, Hammerle CH. First European consensus workshop in implant dentistry university education. Theoretical knowledge in implant dentistry for undergraduate students. Eur J Dent Educ 2009;13 (Suppl 1) 25-35.

Association of dental implantology. A dentist’s guide to implantology. 2012.

Elgewazi M, Hassan K, Alagl A, Al-Thobity AM, Al-Murairi B, Al-Houtan T, Sadaf S., 2017. Complexity of comprehensive care treatments in undergraduate dental programs: The benefits of observing and assisting experienced faculty members, Saudi Dent J. 29, 161-166.

Kroeplin BS, Strub JR. Implant dentistry curriculum in undergraduate education. Part 2: Program at the Albert-Ludwigs university, Freiburg, Germany. Int J Prosthodont 2011;24:544-556.

Kronstrom M, McGrath L, Chaytor D. Implant dentistry in the undergraduate dental education programme at Dalhousine University. Part 1: clinical outcomes. Int J Prosthodont 2008:21:124-128.

Curriculum guidelines for predoctoral implant dentistry. J Dent Educ 1991;55:751-753.

Maalhagh-Fard A, Nimmo A, Lepczyk JW, Pink FE. Implant dentistry in predoctoral education:the elective approach. J Prosthodont 2002;11:202-207.

Chaudhary S, Gowda TM, Kumar TAB, Mehta DS. Knowledge and attitude of dental interns in Karmataka state, India regarding implants. J Dent Educ 2013;77:1365-1368

Mattheos N, Alberktsson T, Buser D, De Bruyn H, Donos H, Hjorting, Hansen E et al. Teaching and assessment of implant dentistry in undergraduate and postgraduate education: A European consensus. Eur J Dent Educ 2009;13(Suppl 1):11-17.

Weaver RG, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. Annual ADEA survey of dental seniors: 2000 graduating class. J Dent Educ 2001;65(8):788–802.

Lim MV, Afsharzand Z, Rashedi B, Petropoulos VC. Predoctoral implant education in U.S. dental schools. J Prosthod 2005;14(1):46–56.

Miller JA. Implant dentistry. Implant Dent 2002;11(2):101–2.

Meffert RM, Perel ML. Implant education: beyond show-and-tell. Implant Dent 2002;11(2):99–100.

Misch CE. Dental education: meeting the demands of implant dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 1990;121(3):334,336,338.

Atwood DA. Advanced education in implant dentistry. J Oral Implantol 1984;11(3):320-4.

Chappell RP. Dental school implant survey. Oral Implantol 1974;5(1):24–32.

Ajohani HA, Alahamdi AST. Predoctoral dental implant education at King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Dent J 2009;21:135-138.

Vandeweghe SM Koole SM Younes F, De Coster P, De Bruyn H. Dental implants placed by undergraduate students: clinical outcomes and patients/students perceptions. Eur J Dent Educ 2014;18: (Suppl 1) 60-69.

Mattheos N, Ucer C, Van de Velde V, Nattestad A. Assessment of knowledge and competencies related to implant dentistry in undergraduate and postgraduate university education. Eur J Dent Educ 2009;13(suppl1):55-65.

Wagner ED. In support of a functioning definition of interaction. Am J Distance Educ 1994;8:6-29.

Mattheos N. Information technology and interaction in learning. Studies of applications in academic oral health education. Phd dissertation, Malmo university, 2004 ISBN 91-628-5980-3.

A dental technology teaching suite for the 21st century. Available at

Weaver RG, Chmar JE, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. Annual ADEA survey of dental school seniors: 2004 graduating class. J Dent Educ 2005;69(5):595–619.

Weaver RG, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. Annual ADEA survey of dental school seniors: 2002 graduating class. J Dent Educ 2002;66(12):1388–404.

Weaver RG, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. Annual ADEA survey of dental school seniors: 2001 graduating class. J Dent Educ 2002;66(10):1209–22.

Weaver RG, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. Annual ADEA survey of dental school seniors: 2003 graduating class. J Dent Educ 2004;68(9):1004–27.

American Dental Association. 2016-2017 Survey of dental education-report 1: Academic programs, enrolment and graduates.Annual reports on accredited Available at

Akhigbe KO, Enabulele J. Learning environment in a Nigerian dental school: students’ perception African J Oral Maxillofac Pathol Med. 2015; 2:23-29.

Enabulele JE, Itimi E. Endodontic radiology, practice, and knowledge of radiation biology, hazard, and protection among clinical dental students and interns. Saudi Endod J 2015; 5: 171- 176.

Yuan JC, Kaste LM, Lee DJ, Harlow RF, Knoernschild KL, Campbell SD, Sukotjo C. Dental student perception and predoctoral implant education and plans for providing implant treatment. American Dent Educ Ass. 2011;75:750-760.

Blingh J. Developing research capacity. Med Educ 2000;34:2-3.

Gopinath V, Nallaswamy D. A systematic review on the most effective method of teaching dentistry to dental students compared to video based learning. American J Educ Res. 2017; 5(1):63-68

Brophy JE, Thomas LG. Teachers’communication of differential expectations for children’s classroom performance: some behavioural data. J Educ Psychol 1970;61:365-374.

Keith T, Martin E, Benjamin J, Prosser M. Scholarship of teaching: a model. Higher Educ Res Dev 2010;19:155-168.

Keith T, Prosser M. Congruence between intention and strategy in University Science teachers’ approach to teaching. Higher Educ 1996;32:77-87.

Todesco LA, Garlapo DA. Social and economic factors in prosthodontics practice and education. J Prosthet Dent. 1994; 71:310-5

Schittek JM, Mattheos N, Nattestad A, Wagner A, Nebel D, Farbom C, Le DH, Ahstrom R. Simulation of patient encounter using a virtual patient in periodontology instruction of dental students: design, usability and learning effect in history taking skills. Eur J Dent Educ. 2004;8(3):111-9

Velan GM, Killen MT, Dziegilewski M, Kumar RK. Development and evaluation of a computer assisted learning module on glomerulonephritis for medical students. Med Tech. 2002;24(4):412-6.

Deshpande S, Lambade D, Chahande J. Development and evaluation module on clinical decision-making in prosthodontics. J Indian Prosthet Odont Soc. 2015;15(12):158-161

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292