Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its Components in an Adult Nigerian Population attending a Tertiary Hospital
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in an adult Nigerian population.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 216 men and women. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, and biochemical characteristics were collected. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-ATPIII (NCEP-ATP III). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the crude odds ratio (OR) of the variables, and the statistical level of significance was set at 5.0%.RESULTS: We identified 62 (28.04%) subjects with metabolic syndrome according to the criteria of the NCEP-ATPIII. More females had metabolic syndrome than males (38.8% vs. 15.3%, p<0.0001). MetS was associated positively with marital status and gender. Reduced HDL-C was found as the most common MetS component in our study (68.8%). Others in decreasing order were hypertension (66.7%), abdominal obesity (50.9%), high FBG levels (15.5%) and hypertriglyceridemia (6.2%).
CONCLUSION: More female adults attending this tertiary healthcare facility have metabolic syndrome, which can be associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Individuals who were married had a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome; this finding can be explained by the high rate of obesity found in the married subjects.
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