Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Malaria Among Residents of Ganye, Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria

Chessed Godly, Mashat Amos Machief, Luti Reign. Bagula, Umar Chul Saleh, Hazael Ya’ali Nggada,


A study on knowledge, attitudes and practices against malaria was conducted among residents of Ganye Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria to describe the knowledge and practices on malaria among residents. Four hundred structured questionnaires were administered to participating households. The results show that, all respondents had heard of malaria. Knowledge of malaria cause and transmission was low, as only 0.5% of respondents identified plasmodium parasite as the cause as ell only 2.0% said malaria is transmitted by infected female Anopheles mosquito. Respondents’ knowledge of signs and symptoms was high as majority could identify: fever/hotness of body (90.0), headache (62.0%), vomiting (39.8%), body weakness (28.0%), shivering (23.5%) and loss of appetite (18.5%). Also respondent’s knowledge of mosquito behaviour and breeding site was high well. Latrine/toilets (76.3%), tall grasses and bushes (75.3%), stagnant water (62.3%) were the most frequently mentioned breeding sites. knowledge of preventive measures against malaria through the use of bed nets as the most effective means of preventing mosquito bites was high among respondents as 69.5% reported ownership of bed nets. These might have been the reason for majority of respondents who indicated that they or their family members sleep under treat bed nets every night. Respondents show good treatment seeking practices as majority of them report immediately to the available health facility when the notice symptoms of malaria. Educating the public on proper and regular use of treated nets will help in reducing the suffering from malaria which is the major reason for hospital visits.


Malaria, insecticide treated nets, KAP, North-eastern Nigeria


World Health Organization (2017). Malaria Fact Sheet. Accessed 20th May, 2017.

Onwujekwe, OE., Akpala, CO., Ghasi, S., Shu, EN. and Okonkwo, P. O. (2000). How do rural households perceive and prioritise malaria and mosquito nets? A study in five communities of Nigeria. Public Health, 114(5):407–410.

Rugemalila, J. B., Ogundahunsi, O. A. T., Stedman, T. and T.Kilama, W.L. (2007). Multilateral Initiative on Malaria: Justification, evolution, achievements, challenges, opportunities, and future plans. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(6):296–302.

Snow, R. W., Graig, M., Deichmann, U. and Marsh, K. (1999). Estimating mortality, morbidity and disability due to malaria among Africa’s non-pregnant population. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 77(8):624–640.

Borah, P. K., Dutta, P., Phukan, A. C. and Mahanta, J. (2004). Health seeking behaviour among the fever cases during an outbreak of malaria in Assam. Journal of Human Ecology, 15(3):195– 197.

Müller, O., Traoré, C., Becher, H. and Kouyaté, B. (2003). Malaria morbidity, treatment-seeking behaviour, and mortality in a cohort of young children in rural Burkina Faso. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 8(4):290−296.

Agyepong, I.A.and Kangeya-Kayonda, J. (2004). Providing practical estimates of malaria burden for health planners in resource-poor countries.American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2):162−167.

Breman, J. G., Alilio, M. S. and Mills, A. (2004). Conquering the intolerable burden of malaria: What’s new, what’s needed? .American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2):6–11.

Ahorlu, C.K., Koram, K.A., Arholu, C., De Savigny, D. and Weiss, M.G. (2006). Socio-cultural determinants of treatment delay for childhood malaria in southern Ghana. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 11(7):1022−1031.

Deressa, W., Ali, A. and Enquoselassie, F. (2003). Knowledge attitudes and practices about malaria the mosquito and antimalarial drugs in a rural community. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 17(2):99-104

Martens, P. and Hall, L. (2000). Malaria on the move: Human population movement and malaria transmission. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 6(2):103–109.

Tatem, A.J. and Smith, D.L. (2010). International population movements and regional Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(27):12222–12227.

Nwaorgu, O. C. and Orajaka, B. N. (2011). Prevalence of Malaria among children 1-10 years old in communities in Akwa North Local Government Area, Anambra State, South East Nigeria. African Research Review 5(5)

Gallup, J.L. and Sachs, J.D. (2001). The economic burden of malaria. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 64:85-96

Sekaran, U. and Bougie, R. (2006). Research Methods for Business: a skill building approach. 7th edition. Wiley publisher. USA. ISBN 9781119165552

Abate, A., Degorege, A. and Erko, B. (2013). Community knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in a low endemic setting of Shewa Robit Town, north-eastern Ethiopia. Malaria journal, 13:312

Singh, R., Musa, J., Singh, S. and Ebere, U.V. (2014). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Malaria Amongs the Rural Communities in Aliero, Northern Nigeria. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 3(1):39–44.

Fatugase, K. O., Amoran, O. E. and Futugase, O. K, (2013). The implications of health education on perception and treatment seeking beaviour about childhood infections among care givers in rural communities in western Nigeria. British journal of medicine and medical research, 3:1331-143.

Humphrey D. M., Emmanuel O., Wilhellmus, M., Paulina M., Maria Z., Eliningaya J. K., Ladslaus L. M. and Jorg H. (2010). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Malaria and Its Control in Rural Northwest Tanzania. Malaria Research and Treatment. 2010: p1-10

Henry O. J., Kitara, D. L. and Christopher, G. O. (2012). Prevalence of Malaria and Treatment Seeking Behaviours among Pregnant Women in Postconflict Internally Displaced Persons' Camps in Gulu District. International Scholarly Research Notices, 2012 (2012)

Fuge, T. G., Ayanto, S. Y. and Gurmamo, F. L. (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria and ITNs utilization among pregnant women in Shashogo District, Southern Ethiopia. Malaria Journal, 14: 235

Iriemenam N. C., Dasunmu A. O., Oyibo, W. A. and Fagbenon-beyioku, A. F. (2011). Knowledge, attitude, perception of malaria and evolution of malaria parasitemia among pregnant women, attending ante-natal care clinic in metropolitan Lagos Nigeria. Journal of vector borne diseases, 48: 12-17

Olayemi, I. K., Omalu, I. C., Abolarinwa., S. O., Mustapha, O. M., Ayanwale, V. A., Mohammed, A Z., Bello, I. M. and Chukuemeka, V. I. (2012). Knowledge of malaria and implications for control in endemic urban area of north central Nigeria. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 5(2), 42-9.

Dida, N., Darega, B. and Abebe, A. (2015). Treatment Seeking Behavior and Associated Factors Among Malaria Suspected Patients in Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Family Medicine. 2(1):5.

World Health Organization. (2005). The Roll Back Malaria strategy for improving access to treatment through home management of malaria. World Health Organization, Geneva.

Roll Back Malaria (2005). Facts about malaria in Nigeria Abuja. Publication of the roll back malaria. p.1-2

Musa, I. O. Soloudeen, G. A. and Jimoh, R. O. (2009). Awareness and use of insecticide treated nets among women attending ante-natal clinics in a northern state of Nigeria. Journal of Pakistan medical association, 59(6).354-8.

Deressa, W (2007). Treatment-seeking behaviour for febrile illness in an area of seasonal malaria transmission in rural Ethiopia. Malaria Journal, 6:49

Xu, J. W., Xu, Q. Z., Liu, H. and Zeng, Y. R. (2010). Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and related factors of Wa ethnic minority in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study. Malaria Journal, 11:417.

Full Text: Untitled PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292