Knowledge, attitude towards and practice of oral hygiene among antenatal clinic attendees in public secondary health facilities in Benin City, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION: Dental care in pregnancy aims at achieving healthy environment through adequate plaque and professional dental prophylaxis.This study assessed the knowledge, attitude towards and practice of oral hygiene among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in secondary health facilities in Benin City, Nigeria.
METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among antenatal clients in the two state-owned secondary health facilities in Benin City, Nigeria, using multistage sampling technique. Structured, interviewer administered questionnaire was utilized for data collection. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Scientific Solutions. RESULTS: The mean age of respondents was 29.3(± 4.7) years, with majority in the age group of 25-29 years. Over three-quarters of respondents, 228 (83.2%) were aware of oral hygiene, 192 (84.2%) practiced tooth brushing while chewing xylitol gums was used by 23.2%. Halitosis was the most identified form of poor oral hygiene, 177 (77.6%). Over half 54.4%of the women had poor knowledge of oral hygiene. Respondents' socio-economic profiles were associated with knowledge of/attitude towards oral hygiene respectively. Also, the association between knowledge of/attitude towards oral hygiene and the practice of oral hygiene were statistically significant (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Though the respondents had poor knowledge of oral hygiene, there was a positive attitude and good practice of oral hygiene in the study locale. There is a need for education on oral hygiene to pregnant in the antenatal clinics as means of improving knowledge and preventing oral pathologies in pregnancy and its ensuing implication to the women and the community as a whole.
Azofeifa A, Yeung LF, Alverson CJ, Beltrán-Aguilar E. Oral Health Conditions and Dental Visits Among Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women of Childbearing Age in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11:140212:1-2
Wrzosek T, Einarson A. Dental Care during Pregnancy. Canadian Family Physician. 2009; 55:598
Annan BDRT, Nuamah K. Oral Pathologies Seen in Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women. Ghana Medical Journal. 2005; 39(1): 24-27
Boggess KA, Edelstein BL. Oral Health in Women during Preconception and Pregnancy: Implications for Birth Outcomes and Infant Oral Health. Matern Child Health J. 2006; 10: 169-174
Jeffcoat MK, Geurs NC, Reddy MS, Cliver SP, Goldenerg RL, Hauth JC. Periodontal infection and preterm birth: results of a prospective study. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001;132:875–80.
Ifesanya JU, Ifesanya AO, Asuzu MC, Oke GA. Determinants of good oral hygiene among pregnant women in Ibadan, South-Western Nigeria. Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine. 2010; 8(2): 95-100.
Thomas NJ, Middleton PF, Crowther CA. Oral and dental health care practices in pregnant women in Australia: a postnatal survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2008; 8:13
Adeniyi A., Agbaje O., Braimoh M., Ogunbanjo OS., Olubumi M., Olubunmi O. A Survey of the Oral Health, Knowledge and Practices of Pregnant Women in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2011; 15(4):14-19
Bassey GO, Anyanechi CE, Ekabua K.J, Ekabua JE. Oral Health among Antenatal Care Attendees in Calabar, Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, February 2010; 30(2) : 143- 146
Truman BI, Gooch BF, Gift HC, Horowitz AM, Griffin .O, Carande-Kulis VG. Oral Health. American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2002; 23(1S):16–20, and 21–54) and the MMWR Recommendations and Reports (2001; 50(RR-21):1–13).
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). Guideline on Oral Health Care for the Pregnant Adolescent. Reference Manual. 2007. 35(6): 13-14.
National Population Commission (NPopC,Nigeria). Distribution of population of Benin City by five year age groups. 2013; Available at http://www.edostate.gov.ng Accessed 22/12/12 at 21:43 WAT.
Edo State Government. Edo State Health Development Plan (2010-2015). Benin City: Edo State Ministry of Health; 2010. p. 1-139
Tobin EA, Obi AI, Isah EC. Status of birth and death registration and associated factors in the South-South region of Nigeria. Annals of Nigerian Medicine. 2013; 7 (1). Available from http://www.anmjournal.com. Accessed 16/6/15 at 1605hrs.
National Population Commission (NPopC, Nigeria) and ICF International. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF International 2014: 34 - 37.
Cochran WG. Sampling Techniques. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1963
International Labour Organization (ILO). International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08): Structure, group definitions and correspondence tables. International Labour Office, Geneva. 2012; (1):1-433.
Shabbir S, Zahid M, Qazi A, Muneeb A. Practices and knowledge of oral hygiene among pregnant women in a Pakistani tertiary care hospital. Biomedica. 2014; 30(2): 134- 138.
Adam VY and Aigbokhaode AQ. Healthcare seeking behaviour of heads of households in an urban community in south-south Nigeria. Annals of Biomedical Sciences. 2015;14(1): 121-130.
Abdelseed AI. Oral Health Status, Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice among Pregnant Women attending Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MSc (Dent) in Dental Public Health, University of the Western Cape. 2012.
Parveen N, Ahmed B, Bari A, Butt AM. Oro-dental health: awareness and practices. The University of Faisalabad; JUMDC 2011; 2(2): 3 – 10.
Jamieson LM, Parker EJ, Roberts-Thomson KF, Lawrence HP, Broughton J. Self-efficacy and self-rated oral health among pregnant aboriginal Australian women: BioMed Central Oral Health. 2014; 14:29. Accessed at http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6831/14/29 on 29/ 9/14 at 12:07 GMT
Akila G., Navin AI., Preetha EC., Chandrasekhara RV. Dental Knowledge and Gingival Health of Pregnant Women Attending Government Maternity Hospital, Chennai. Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry, January 2011; 5(1): 24-30
Zhu L., Petersen PE, Hong-Ying W., Jin-You B., Bo XZ. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adults in China. International Dental Journal. 2005; 55: 231–241
Mbada CE, Olubukayomi EA, Adebanjo BA, Olujide OA et al. Knowledge and attitude of Nigerian pregnant women towards antenatal exercise. ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2014; 26 (3): 2-3.
Timiş T, Dănilă I. Socioeconomic status and oral health. Journal of preventive Medicine 2005; 13 (1-2): 116-121
Dakhili S, Alsuwaidi NO, Saeed S, Murad SB, Mohammad D, Muttappallymyalil J, Prasad P, Gopakumar A, Khan FA. Oral hygiene: association between knowledge and practice among school going children in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. American Journal of Research Communication, 2014; 2(10): 39-48
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.