Pattern of skin disorders in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria

Ayesha Omolara Akinkugbe, Oluwatoyin Christiana Amira, Obianuju Beatrice Ozoh, Olufemi Fasanmade, Emmanuel Bandele

Abstract


 

Background:

Skin disorders are commonly found in the community. In most circumstances, they are easily treatable and preventable. Social and environmental factors play a key role in the epidemiology of skin disease. It is important to assess the dermatological needs of a community as this will help address specific needs. The objective of this study was to identify the skin disorders in a rural community.

Methods:

This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Epeme, a rural community in Lagos state, South west Nigeria. All consenting adults and children with parental consent that presented for the programme were recruited. A self-reported questionnaire was administered by face-to face interview. Socio-demographic data were collected.  All those with a skin disease or complaint were further questioned and a clinical examination carried out and findings recorded.

Results:

There were 263 individuals screened; 156 adults and 107 children. Mean age of adults was 38.04 ± 13.04 years and children 9.50 ± 4.67 years. Thirty adults (19.2%) and 27 (25.2%) children had a skin disorder identified clinically. Among the adults the following categories of skin disorders were found: infection 12 (7.6%), disorders of sebaceous glands 5 (3.2%), pigmentary disorders 2 (1.2%) and pruritus 1 (0.6%).  Among children, 21 (19.6%) had skin infections, 2 (1.8%) each with eczema and sebaceous gland disorder. Majority of the infections in children were of fungal aetiology.

Conclusion:

Infections still remain the major skin disorders in rural communities in Nigera where dermatology healthcare is not readily availbe and accessible.

   

Keywords


pattern, skin disorders, skin infection, rural, community, Nigeria

References


Abasiubong F, Akpan N, Ukpong D, Umanah I, Udoh S. Quality of life in patients with skin diseases in UYO, a community in south-south Nigeria. Adv Trop Med Pub Health Int. 2011; 1:55 -65.

Hong J, Koo B, Koo J. The psychosocial and occupational impact of chronic skin disease. Dermatologic therapy. 2008; 21(1):54-59.

McCoy K. The importance of dermatology in global health. Burlington, MA. 2011:1-3.

Hay RJ, Johns NE, Williams HC, Bolliger IW, Dellavalle RP, Margolis DJ, et al. The Global Burden of Skin Disease in 2010: An Analysis of the Prevalence and Impact of Skin Conditions. J Invest Dermatol 2014 Jun; 134(6): 1527-34

Doe PT, Asiedu A, Acheampong JW, Rowland Payne C.M.E. Skin diseases in Ghana and the UK. Int J of Dermatol. Volume 40, Issue 5, pages 323–326, May 2001

Nnoruka EN. Skin diseases in South-east Nigeria: a current perspective. Int J Dermatol 2005; 44: 2933

Ogunbiyi AO, Daramola OOM, Alese OO. Prevalence of skin diseases in Ibadan. Int J Dermatol 220; 43: 3136

Yahya H. Change in pattern of skin diseases in Kaduna, north central Int J Dermatol. 2007 Sep;46(9):936-43.

Akinboro AO, Mejiuni AD, Akinlade MO, Audu BM, Ayodele OE. Spectrum of skin diseases presented at LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, southwest Nigeria. Int J of Dermatol 2015, 54, 443–450

Onayemi OA, Isezuo SA, Njoku CH. Prevalence of different skin conditions in an outpatients' setting in north-western Nigeria. Int J Dermatol. 2005 Jan; 44(1):7-11.

Kalu EI, Wagbatsoma V, Ogbaini-Emovon E, Nwadike VU, Ojide CK. Age and sex prevalence of infectious dermatoses among primary school children in a rural South-Eastern Nigerian community. Pan African Medical Journal. 2015; 20(1).

Benjamin ON, Agwu NA, Kachi SN, Uche MC, Eunice AN, Nnaemeka et al. Common skin infections among secondary school students in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria: Proxy predictor of Environmental Hygiene Standards. The Soc Sci. 2009; 4:223-8.

Bissek A-CZ, Tabah EN, Kouotou E, et al. The spectrum of skin diseases in a rural setting in Cameroon (sub-Saharan Africa). BMC dermatology. 2012; 12(1):7.

Sardana K, Mahajan S, Sarkar R, et al. The Spectrum of Skin Disease Among Indian Children. Pediatric Dermatology. 2009; 26(1):6-13.

http://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-admin.php?adm2id=NGA025006 accessed 15th April 2016

Henshaw EB, Olasode OA. Calabar Skin diseases in Nigeria: the Calabar experience. Int J Dermatol. 2015 Mar; 54(3):319-26

Kiprono SK, Muchuru JE, Masenga JE. Skin diseases in pediatric patients attending a tertiary dermatology hospital in Northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. BMC Dermatol 2015 15:16. DOI 10.1186/s12895-015-0035-9

Omidynia E, Farshchian M, Sadjjadi M, et al. A study of dermatophytoses in Hamadan, the government-ship of West Iran, 1973. Mycopathologica 1996; 133: 9–13.

Schmeller W, Dzikus A. Skin diseases in children in rural Kenya: long‐term results of a dermatology project within the primary health care system. British Journal of Dermatology. 2001; 144(1):118-124.

Satimia FT, McBride SR, Leppard B. Prevalence of skin disease in rural Tanzania and factors influencing the choice of health care, modern or traditional. Archives of dermatology. 1998; 134(11):1363-1366.

Figueroa JL, Fuller LC, Abraha A, Hay RJ. The prevalence of skin disease among school children in rural Ethiopia—a preliminary assessment of dermatologic needs. Pediatric dermatology. 1996; 13(5):378-381.

Olojede AA, Adekunle AA, Samuel EA. Analysis of rural literacy as a panacea for socio-economy development of Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2013 Dec 1;5(9):381.

Ngwogu AC, Otokunefor TV. Epidemiology of dermatophytoses in a rural community in Eastern Nigeria and review of literature from Africa. Mycopathologia. 2007 Oct 1;164(4):149-58.


Full Text: PDF PDF PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 1597-4292

x
Message