Pattern and Mortality rate of traumatic injuries in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria- 2 year comparative analysis
Trauma ranks as one of the leading cause of mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to compare the pattern of injuries and mortality rates in our hospital.
Demographic and clinical data of patients that sustained injuries due to trauma to all regions of the body were included in the study. The cause, type and site of the injuries were documented. Cases of mortality with the sites and severity of injuries and number of days on admission before death was documented for each period.
A total of 673 patients presented in the first period (March 2011 to February 2012) and 1869 in the second period (March 2012 to February 2013). More males were involved with injuries in both periods. RTA and Burns were responsible for most of the injuries in both periods. Head injury was highest followed by the extremities in both periods. In the first period, a total of 46 patients died with mortality rate of 6.8%, in the second period, a total of 47 patients died with mortality rate of 2.5%.
There was an increase in the cases of trauma in the second period of the study. The pattern in both periods was similar but mortality figure was much lower in the second period.
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